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Here are the 5 major ‘open’ chords
The green dots show you where to
put your finger tips.
The red crosses mean
‘Don’t pluck/play this string
The blue numbers indicate the best
left hand fingers to use
.1 = index;
 2 = middle; 3 = ring; 4 = pinkie.
Have Patience ….Rome was not built in a DAY!!!
The important thing to remember about these five chords is that they all have the same quality, or ‘flavor’, they are all major. They look different because of the way the guitar is tuned and because the strings end at the nut, but they are all made up of the same ingredients, namely the first (1), third (3) and fifth (5) notes of their scale, and therefore they all have the same sound quality: major. Chords are usually played with the root as the lowest note in pitch and it’s the note the chord is named after. The root is also known as the tonic, ‘The One’ or the number 1, meaning the first note of the scale. That’s why in three cases there are bass strings you should not play because the root is on a higher string. The red crosses show that in these diagrams.
Here they are again, showing Roots, Thirds and Fifths
The images below show the same five major chords but this time you can see that each is made up only of roots (R), thirds (3) and fifths (5) of their respective scales. This is why they all have the same flavor—major—because the scale that each comes from is the major scale. As you can see, the order that they come in is not the same for each chord, but all have a root as the lowest note in pitch. I’ll say once again: these five ‘open’ chords shapes are the most important to commit to memory; they will become, over time, the most basic and useful fretboard landmarks of all.
open C
open A
open G
open E
open D
Here are the 3 ‘open’ minor chords
The green dots show you where to put your finger tips. The red crosses mean ‘Don’t pluck/play this string’; the blue numbers indicate the best left hand fingers to use.
1 = index; 2 = middle; 3 = ring; 4 = pinkie. Watch the movies above to see how the hand should be positioned.
open G
open E
open D
Once again, the important thing to understand is that these three chords have the same quality — minor — even though they look different. Compare these three to their major counterparts on the previous page and you’ll see that only one note has changed: the third (3) has been lowered in pitch by one fret, or ‘flatted’ (some prefer to say ‘flattened‘). So you could say that minor chords are just majors with a flat 3. The open C and G chords do not lend themselves to be ‘minorized’ like the A, D and E. You will need to learn how to make barre chords to play Cm and Gm. In the meanwhile, there are countless tunes that use the open chords you see here and on the previous page, so learn them and learn them well. Once you are able to quickly get your hand/fingers to grab these shapes and hold them down cleanly, you’ll be able to start to string them together into the basic structures of tunes — chord progressions — and you’ll need to move between them smoothly and accurately.
Here are the 5 major open ‘Major 7th’ chords, or ‘Maj7’, or ‘M7’, or Δ
The green dots show you where to put your finger tips. The red crosses mean ‘Don’t pluck/play this string’.
The blue numbers indicate the best left hand fingers to use.1 = index; 2 = middle; 3 = ring; 4 = pinkie.
open C
open A
open G
open E
open D

The family of chords is the single most important thing to either byheart, or, learn its theory to play songs on your guitar.The number here to remember is 1, 4, 5.where 1,is the Root, 4 is the harmonic and 5 is the Melodic….of the first home chord.By now its easy to understand that 1,3,5 constitutes the making of a chord and 1,4,5helps us to find its family…..For ex.If you take your root as A (1) then the 4th from A would be D and 5th would be an E chord.So u see the family of the A chord is A D E.try yourself and find the remaining,though it will be there down below for u to byheart.PL note ..there is an exception to the rule for the chord F .The family of F is F Bb C.

1st                              4th                            5th

C                                 F                                 G

D                               G                                   A

E                               A                                    B

F                              Bb                                   C

G                              C                                     D

A                             D                                     E

B                              E                                     F#

These  are the major chords family.

Songs are weitten in major and minor the simplest way to remember is…(my theory) 6th of the root.For ex: if your Root chord is C then the sixth counting from C is…  A .so the Am is the obvious chord of your Root. EX2 ;if your root is G……count six notes from G….and uve got…..thats right E.which means … the minor of G is Em….try out the others your self.


Comments on: "FAMILY OF CHORDS" (13)

  1. Hurrah, that’s what I was seeking for, what a stuff!
    existing here at this webpage, thanks admin of this site.

  2. Jeffery said:

    First of all. Thanks a lot. It was really helpful.. but one thing that im confused about is.. concerning the “F” family chords and “B” Family chords… question is.
    Why is there a Bb in F family and a F# in B family?? Instead of it just being simply B and F ..

  3. Angelika Faldas said:

    thank you its a big help 🙂

  4. Feast on the Others Too.Thanks

  5. kalabandi Vinod shalem said:


  6. Femeli kod piaon

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